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Saturday, April 16, 2011

Gunung Tambora, Kawah Gunung Berapi terbesar dari Sumbawa (Indonesia)

Mount Tambora (Tomboro) 2851 m above sea level, is an active volcano that stands on the island of Sumbawa, which is also part of the Nusa Tenggara archipelago. Because the formation of Tambora by subduction zone underneath, so that it can increase the peak height reaches 4300 m above sea level, and certainly sebagaii one of the highest mountain peaks across the country after Puncak Jaya (Carstensz Pyramid 4884 m asl), but this occurred prior to April 1815 as the peak month of the outbreak Mount Tambora eruption of the scale to reach the number seven, a super-colossal size of the descriptions by Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI).
Administratively Mount Tambora is located between two districts, namely Dompu District (partial foot south to the northwest side), and Bima district (south side of the slope to the northwest, and feet to the peak to the north east side) West Nusa Tenggara Province with the coordinate line precisely at 8 ° 15 'latitude and 118 ° east. Besides among tourists and mountaineers who enjoy panoramic views and unique natural charm, Mount Tambora is still monitored their activities on a regular basis by seismologists and Vulcanologist, Mount Tambora was also attracted interest for the study of Archaeology and Biology.
The word Tambora according to folklore to the next country in two versions, the first derived from the word Lakambore - Bahasa Bima, which means "Going Where?", The phrase a question to someone who wanted to travel. The second version comes from two words and Mbora Ta, also from Bima language, "ta" which means the invite and "mbora" which means to disappear, so that the overall mean invite disappeared. 


Natural Charm of Mount Tambora
With a long history of eruptions, the largest Tambora eruption occurred in April 1815, earlier than the eruption of Mount Krakatoa (1883) written by the child's country in the form of poem Lampung Karam. Leaving a unique panorama of Mount Tambora and natural charm charming for tourists, especially for nature lovers and mountain climbers. In international circles, Tambora has a nickname as The Greatest Crater in Indonesia or a mountain that has the largest crater in Indonesia. The width of the crater of Mount Tambora along the seven kilometer crater with a circumference of over 16 km and has a peak with the distance between the bottom of the crater as deep as 800 meters. Regions of Mount Tambora was divided into two conservation sites are: North Tambora Wildlife Reserve with an area of ​​80,000 hectares and South Tambora Hunting Park with an area of ​​30,000 hectares.
From the summit of Mount Tambora, you will be able to look at the more liberal views of the crater, desert, ocean ocean, and island Satonda. Satonda very beautiful island with an unspoiled landscape, in the middle of the island there is a clear lake and surrounded by cliffs of the hills are still natural. Satonda Island with a height of between 0 to 300 masl is a recreation park (recreation park) with an area of ​​1000 Ha has unique characteristics.
Now the island has become protected areas (strict nature reserve). Satonda Island is very good for a place to learn about forests, because forests on the island are destroyed by the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815. Also there are many types of fish found new and is only found in Lake Satonda only. The island is a habitat for a large number of bird species are protected. All natural beauty into one unit creating a beautiful phenomenon, unique. Go to Mount Tambora

Enchantment and the crater of Mount Tambora
There are three point concentration villages around the slopes of Mount Tambora. Studio on the east is the village, towards the sea is the village and village Pesanggrahan Doro Chest, and in the west is the village Calabai. There are two hiking paths to reach the caldera. The first route starts from the village in the southeastern mountain Mboha Doro. The route follows a paved road through the cashew plantations until you reach 1150 meters (3.800 feet) above sea level. The end of this route is the southern part of the caldera at 1950 meters (6400 feet), can be reached via hiking paths. This location is usually used as a base camp to monitor the volcanic activity, because it only takes one hour to reach the caldera. The second route starts from Pancasila village in the northwest mountains. By using the second route, the caldera is only accessible by foot.
If you want to make the climb to Mount Tambora we recommend through official channels, ie the second lane past the hamlet of Pancasila are relatively safer than other lines, to go to the Hamlet of Pancasila can use the vehicle of the Branch Banggo (read: branch Mbanggo) Studio District with the distance approximately two hours and 15 minutes. The climber should stay in basecamp Mr redundant, Head Hamlet Pancasila, or stay at home Mr M Joseph (babe), an ascent of Mount Tambora guide is very experienced on the intricacies and history of Mount Tambora.
From Hamlet Pancasila I can go to the post applied for one hour, in the post I was there a hut about 20 meters and there are well-shaped springs with crystal clear water, Then I headed to Post Post II can be achieved for an hour, in that heading there is a flat place to rest and about five meters from where there are small rivers that drain the water clear. From the Post II continued the journey back to the Postal III through the dense forest can be taken for three hours. In Postal III is no flat land area, there are also huts for shelter Timor deer hunters, as for how hunting is by using the dog as a tracer and using a rifle. In Postal III is the last spring to fetch water.
From Post to Post III to IV through dense jungle terrain and applied for one hour, then from the Postal IV headed to Post V can be taken for 30 minutes, then from Pos V leading to the crater lip can be reached during the two hours, with the vegetation shift of forest vegetation to vegetation and from vegetation Edelweiss Edelweiss toward the desert. During the trip we will enjoy spectacular natural beauty through the sandy paths on either side to see the uniqueness of Edelweiss flowers that are different in other mountains of flowers are very short of about 0.5 meters to 1.5 meters with each remote location about two meters to 100 meters. Also the type of grass with a height of about one meter to 1.5 meters form the ranks. 


Long Journey  

Climbing trip to Mount Tambora, can be designed for 2 (two) days of travel, and consequently your team can not be all the track racing track.
Day 1. Hamlet Pancasila -
Pos 3 
 Day 2. Heading 3 - Summit - Hamlet Pancasila 

However, if time allows, you and your team can design a more optimal time for 4 days and 3 Nights
Day 1 [Hamlet Pancasila - Post 2]
 
Day 2 [Pos 2 - Pos 5] 
Day 3 [Pos 5 - Top - Post 2]  
Day 4 [Postal 2 - Hamlet Pancasila]

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